Earth & Universe Quiz

Test your knowledge of Earth and Univers. Scrolling down to check your answers.

1. Nearest star to the Earth
• Sirius
• Pole Star
• Proxima Centauri
• Sun
• Alpha Centauri

2. Nearest star to the Earth (other than the Sun)
• Great Bear
• Proxima Centauri
• Andromeda
• Alpha Centauri
• Dog Star

3. Brightest star as seen from the Earth
• Rigel Kentaurus
• Betelgeux
• Eta Carinae
• Orion
• Dog Star (Sirius)

4. Largest planet of our solar system
• Jupiter
• Uranus
• Saturn
• Neptune
• Pluto

5. Smallest planet of our solar system
• Pluto
• Mercury
• Venus
• Mars
• Neptune 

6. Coldest planet of our solar system

• Pluto
• Neptune
• Venus
• Saturn
• Ganymede

7. Planet of our solar system with fastest orbiting speed
• Mercury
• Venus
• Pluto
• Jupiter
• Earth

8. Hottest planet of our solar system
• Mercury
• Mars
• Jupiter
• Venus
• Earth

9. Planet closest to Earth
• Venus
• Moon
• Mercury
• Mars
• Sun

10. Brightest planet as viewed from the Earth
• Jupiter
• Venus
• Moon
• Mercury
• Mars

11. Densest planet of the solar system
• Jupiter
• Mars
• Neptune
• Earth
• Pluto

12. Largest satellite (natural) of our solar system
• Moon
• Phobos
• Deimos
• Ganymede
• Sinope

13. Heaviest satellite (natural) of our solar system
• Moon
• Phobos
• Deimos
• Ganymede
• Sinope

14. Satellite closest to the parent planet
• Moon
• Titan
• Charon
• Phobos
• Enceladus

15. Satellite farthest from the parent planet
• Hyperion
• Titan
• Ganymede
• Charon
• Sinope

16. Largest ocean in the world
• Atlantic Ocean
• Indian Ocean
• Pacific Ocean
• Arctic Ocean
• South China Sea

17. Deepest part of the ocean
• Sea of Tranquility
• Raasay Point
• Marianas Trench
• Bermuda Triangle
• Java Trench

18. Largest sea
• Dead Sea
• Mediterranean Sea
• South China Sea
• Red Sea
• Black Sea

19. Largest bay (in terms of shoreline length)
• Bay of Bengal
• Cardigan Bay
• Hudson Bay
• Cape of Good Hope
• San Diego Bay

20. Largest bay (in terms of area)
• Hudson Bay
• Cardigan Bay
• Bay of Bengal
• Cape of Good Hope
• San Diego Bay

21. Largest continent
• Europe
• America
• Africa
• Australia
• Asia

22. Smallest continent
• Asia
• Europe
• America
• Australia
• Africa

23. Largest peninsula
• India
• China
• Arabia
• Russia
• France

24. Largest island
• Honshu
• Indonesia
• Greenland
• New Zealand
• Borneo

25. Highest mountain
• Mount Rushmore
• Mount Everest
• Andes
• K2
• Kanchenjunga

 

26. Highest waterfall
• Khône Falls
• Niagara Falls
• Tugela Falls
• Angel Falls
• Yosemite Falls

27. Greatest waterfall (in terms of flow rate)
• Khône Falls
• Niagara Falls
• Grande Falls
• Boyoma (formerly Stanley) Falls
• Yosemite Falls

28. Widest waterfall
• Khône Falls
• Boyoma Falls
• Niagara Falls
• Grande Falls
• Yosemite Falls

29. Longest river
• Amazon
• Ob Irtysh
• Mississippi-Missouri
• Yangtze
• Hwang Ho

30. Largest lake
• Lake Superior
• Aral Sea
• Lake Huron
• Caspian Sea
• Lake Victoria

31. Deepest lake
• Lake Huron
• Lake Tanganyika
• Lake Baikal
• Lake Erie
• Lake Superior

32. Highest lake
• Lake Titicaca
• Lake Michigan
• Lake Erie
• Loch Ness
• Lake Baikal

33. Largest freshwater lake
• Lake Superior
• Lake Erie
• Loch Ness
• Lake Baikal
• Lake Huron

34. Largest desert
• Gobi Desert
• Kalahari Desert
• Sahara Desert
• Chihuahuan Desert
• Atacama Desert

35. River with the greatest water flow
• Nile
• Amazon
• Mississippi-Missouri
• Zambezi
• Hwang Ho

36. Smallest ocean in the world
• Atlantic Ocean
• Pacific Ocean
• Indian Ocean
• South China Sea
• Arctic Ocean

37. Hottest place on the Earth (for extended periods of time)
• Dallol
• Sahara Desert
• Death Valley, California
• Marble Bar
• Al Aziziyah

38. Place where the hottest temperature was recorded
• Dallol
• Sahara Desert
• Al Aziziyah
• Marble Bar
• Death Valley, California

39. Place where lowest temperature was recorded
• Siberia
• Vostok
• Siachen
• Iceland
• Helsinki

40. Place with highest annual rainfall
• Cumbria, Britain
• Meghalaya, India
• Sri Lanka
• Congo
• Zambia

41. Largest active volcano
• Mount St Helens, US
• Mt Cameroon, Cameroon
• Etna, Sicily
• Mauna Loa, Hawaii
• Stromboli, Italy

42. Place which has had the longest drought
• Sahara Desert
• Gobi Desert
• Grand Canyon
• Great Sandy Desert
• Atacama Desert

43. Largest star
• Sun
• Sirius
• Pole Star
• Orion
• Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis)

Answers:

1. – Sun. The Sun, which is at a distance of 92,955,900 miles from Earth is the nearest star to Earth. The distance of the Sun from the Earth is termed as 1 Astronomical Unit. Light from the Sun takes nearly 8 minutes to reach the Earth.

2. – Proxima Centauri. Proxima Centauri, which was discovered in the year 1915, is at a distance of nearly 4.2 light years from Earth. One light year is equal to the distance light travels in one year.

3. – Dog Star (Sirius). Sirius A (Alpha Canis Majoris), also known as the Dog Star, is the brightest star visible from the surface of Earth. It has an apparent brightness magnitude of -1.46. It is nearly 8.65 light years away from the Earth and has luminosity 26 times greater than that of the Sun. It is visible in the winter months of the northern hemisphere.

4. – Jupiter. Jupiter, with an equatorial diameter of 88,080 miles is the largest of the nine planets that revolve around the Sun. Its mass is approximately 320 times, and volume 1300 times that of the Earth. In other words, Jupiter could contain 1300 Earths.

5 – Pluto. Contrary to popular opinion, Mercury is not the smallest planet. Pluto, the outermost planet, with a diameter of 1430 miles is the smallest planet of our solar system.

6 – Pluto. Pluto, discovered by William Tombaugh, is the planet which is farthest from the Sun. It is the coldest planet of the solar system. It is so cold that when in 1992, scientists discovered nitrogen on Pluto, it was in SOLID form. It is the only outer planet made of solid material.

7 –  Mercury, at a speed of 107,030 mph, takes about 88 days to orbit the Sun and is the fastest planet of our solar system.

8 – Venus. American and Russian space probes have found out the temperature on the surface of Venus is 465 oC, making it the hottest planet of our solar system.

9 –  Venus. Venus is at times about 25 million miles away from the Earth. Mars is at a distance of 34 million miles.

10 – Venus. Venus, also known as the Evening star, is the brightest planet as seen from the surface of the Earth. It has an apparent brightness magnitude of -4.4.

11 – Earth. Our planet Earth, with a density of nearly 5.5 times that of water, is the densest planet of our solar system. Saturn, with a density about 0.69 times that of water, is the one with the lowest density. If the planets were placed in a huge ocean, then Saturn would be the only one to float on the water.

12 – Ganymede. Ganymede, the satellite of Jupiter, with a diameter of 3275 miles is the largest satellite of our solar system.

13 –  Ganymede. Ganymede is one of the 16 satellites of Jupiter. It has a mass nearly double that of the moon.

14 – Phobos. Phobos is one of the 2 satellites of Mars. It is at a distance of nearly 5800 miles from the center of Mars making it the satellite that is closest to the parent planet.

15 – Sinope. Sinope is the outermost of the 16 satellites of Jupiter. It is at a staggering distance of 14 million miles from Jupiter.

16 – Pacific Ocean

Pacific Ocean represents nearly half of all the world’s oceans. Oceans represent 94% of the Earth’s water.

17 – Marianas Trench. Marianas Trench, pinpointed by HM Survey Ship Challenger, is located in the Pacific Ocean. The bathyscape Trieste descended to its bottom at 35,813 ft.

18 – South China Sea

19 – Hudson Bay

20 – Bay of Bengal

21 – Asia. Asia is the largest continent accounting for about 29.5% of all the land on the Earth.

22 – Australia.  The Australian continent consists of Australia along with New Zealand, Tasmania, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands. It is also sometimes referred to as the Oceania.

23 – Arabia

24 – Greenland. Greenland was discovered by Eric the Red. Australia, which is larger that Greenland, is considered a continent. Greenland is 3 times as large as Borneo, the second largest island in the world, and 9 times as big as Honshu, the largest island of Japan.

25 – Mount Everest. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first people to reach the top of Mount Everest. The 10 highest peaks are all found in the Himalayan mountain range north of India. The 3 highest peaks are Mount Everest (29,030 ft), K2 (28,250 ft) and Kanchenjunga (28,210 ft).

26 –  Angel Falls. Angel Falls with a total drop of 3210 ft and the longest single drop of 2610 ft are located in Venezuela on the river Carrao. They are named after the American Pilot Jimmy Angel who recorded them in his log book while flying over them in 1935. The Tugela Falls in South Africa with a drop of 3110 ft are the second highest waterfall.

27 – Boyoma (formerly Stanley) Falls. The greatest waterfalls are Boyoma Falls in Zaire (17,000 m3/s), Khône Falls in Laos (11,600 m3/s) and Niagara Falls on the Canada / US border (5,830 m3/s).

28 – Khône Falls. Khône Falls are in Laos.

 

29 – Amazon. The total length of the Amazon in South America is 4195 miles. Its navigable length of 3750 miles is the greatest of any river. River Nile had been regarded as the longest but its present estimated length is about 4145 miles.

30 – Caspian Sea. Caspian Sea is located in Azerbaijan (Asia) and has a total area of 143,240 square miles.

31 – Lake Baikal. Lake Baikal is located in Siberia and is the deepest lake in the world at 5315 ft.

32 – Lake Titicaca. Lake Titicaca is located at the border of Peru and Bolivia.

33 – Lake Superior.  Lake Superior is one of the Great Lakes. About 65% of Lake Superior is located in the United States and the rest is in Canada.

34 – Sahara Desert.  The Sahara Desert in Africa covers a surface area of 3.5 million square miles.

35 – Amazon. The Amazon flows into the ocean at a rate of 18,000 m3/s.

36 – Arctic Ocean

37 – Death Valley, California

38 – Al Aziziyah

39 – Vostok

40 – Meghalaya, India

41 – Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Mauna Loa, Hawaii last erupted in 1984.

42 – Atacama Desert

43 – Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis)

Source:http://www.syvum.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *