- Cleopatra was not Egyptian, but Greek
Cleopatra belonged to the Ptolemaic dynasty, a family with Greek origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great. Her family actually refused to speak on the local language. She was the first who learned it. The wrong idea about her origin probably came from the way she presented herself as the incarnation of the Egyptian goddess Isis.
- During the Egyptian captivity Jews did not build the pyramids
According to Israeli historian Professor. Amihay Mazar this myth has become popular as a result of comments made by the former Prime Minister of Israel during his visit to Egypt in 1977, “The Jews have not built the pyramids because in the period in which the pyramids are built, there were no Jewish people yet, “explains the scientist to the Associated Press. Egyptians themselves have built them. “The myth of the slaves who built the pyramids is something suitable for Hollywood and tabloids. The world just can not believe that the pyramids were built without pressure and forced labor, but out of loyalty to the pharaons, ” explains the director of the Egyptian Museum in Berlin.
- The Vikings did not wear horned helmets
Archaeological researches do not provide any evidence of horned helmets. The researches show that most of ancient warriors came in battle bareheaded or with very light helmets, says History Channel.
The popular image of warriors entering the battle with horns on their heads apparently dates from 19th century when Swedish artist Gustav Malmstrom includes these images in his paintings. Some of the operas of Wagner also include suits with horned helmets.
- Columbus did not discovered America
Columbus landed in the Caribbean and has explored the lands of Central and South America, convinced that he had found a shortcut to India. He has never set his foot in North America, yet in the US celebrated Columbus Day each year. Even in the sixth century before our era the ancient Greek mathematician Pythagoras knew that the Earth was round. It is believed that Columbus planned his voyage, using a copy of Ptolemy’s “Geography”, which included theories of the spherical shape of the Earth.
- Napoleon was not short
At least not that short as we think. It is often said that Napoleon Bonaparte was 1.58 m., but increasingly historians rethink this. According to them, it is a French pre-revolutionary unit, equivalent to today’s 1.70 meters. In France such growth was even slightly above average at the time.
- Marie Antoinette has not said “Let them eat cake!”
Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote in his book “Confessions” that “a famous princess” is uttered these heartless words. Although many people believe that he was referring to Marie Antoinette, there is no evidence for this assertion.